It is a known fact that variations and mutations in one’s genes can lead to cancer. The following blog is all about how genetic research is helping the medical world in better understanding cancer. When one talks about understanding cancer, they generally mean the diagnosis, treatment progress monitoring, prognosis, and generic ways one can treat cancer.
Genetic research made a diagnosis and treatment monitoring easy for cancer
Genetic research has helped doctors and researchers alike to come to the conclusion that mutations in cancerous cells are not at all alike. To be specific, the mutations in the genes vary with the type of cancer one is diagnosed with. With that information in mind, genetic researchers started documenting the variations in genes of cancerous cells. The database thus created assists researchers and doctors to confirm the type of cancer when they check the sample obtained from a patient. On top of that, the progress in genetic research led doctors to look at the cells of their patient post-treatment and look for signs of whether cancer has come back or not. It also allows them to check in real time how the cells are responding to the treatment.
Genetic research helps in cancer prognosis
Depending on the type of cancer, it is easy to decide whether the outcome will work in favor of or against the patient by taking a look at the changes in the genetic information of the same. The goal behind keeping tabs on the genetic variations is simple. It is done to make sure that the treatment intensity is at par with the progress of the treatment.
Depending on the type of cancer, it is always better to conduct tests that take a close look at gene expression obtained from several sources as it is helpful when it comes to predicting prognosis of a treatment. Such tests are termed as gene expression panels which are carried out on several samples obtained from cancer patients. Gene expression panels are perfect for cancer variations like:
- Colon and
- Prostate cancer
The goal of gene expression panels is simple. It helps doctors to decide whether the cancer is going to come back in the patient after the treatment has completed its course.
TMA and oncology
TMA is the abbreviated form for Tissue MicroArray. It is the latest technique that is the result of years of innovation that took place in the field of genetic research. It is often used when a researcher wants to simultaneously analyze several samples of tissue. It is a cost-efficient method that finds extensive use in the fields of:
- Diagnosis and
- Treatment of cancer
TMA plays a vital role when it comes to cancer research. Time and again, it was successful in proving its merit in cases of gliomas, breast and lung cancer. TMA has opened up new avenues when it comes to molecular profiling of cancerous growths in humans. When a researcher or a doctor wants to analyze a molecular marker in the body of a patient, they can do so when they take a look at the results tumour TMA. For more details on the Tissue Microarrays, you can check out this link: www.biochain.com/general/the-tissue-microarray-tissue-analysis-from-research-to-treatment
Genetic research has advanced over the years. It has put the medical world in the fast track of better understanding cancer and the ways it progresses. Well, a cure for cancer is still in the works but in the meantime, one can rest assured that genetic research is helping doctors to keep matters under control.